Travelling to some place and back again might involve travelling twice the distance of only travelling there, but might well not mean taking twice as long. Going in one direction might mean travelling uphill or going against the wind or travelling in rush hour, meaning that this part of the total journey takes longer.

To find a total time or the speed over one or both parts of the journey can involve setting up an equation to be solved.

The distance from London to Brighton is 55 miles. The average speed from Brighton to London is mph and the average speed from London to Brighton ismph. The total travel time is 2 hours. Find

The Brighton to London journey takeshours

The London to Brighton journey takeshours.

The total journey takes 2 hours so

We have to solve the equationWe can start by multiplying by to clear all the fractions, giving

ormph. The second of these is obviously wrong somph.